A case study from Iceland.
Results of a comparative survey. Giebel, Stefan Markus, Effects of youth custody on the crime rate of juvenile offenders after dismissal. Since the early s, and emanating largely from within the United States, there has been a growing body of research as well as increased attention given to the subject by the media and policy-makers.
In part, triggered by the fact that the Unites States has the highest imprisonment rate approx.
Crime and punishment as a social system: the case of prison overcrowding
And although the body of literature on fear of crime and puntivity has been growing, there still remain many regions and countries of the world where there is a dearth of such research. This collection includes several of the countries where such research represents the first of its kind.
The reader will be provided a broad overview of the subject and presented with varied observations about fear of crime and punitivity from different parts of the world. As the project represents a novel and exploratory venture into the subject area, the collective content provided in this collection will hopefully also serve to advance future research and inform sentencing policy and initiatives to address fear of crime.
Ths volume includes seven comparable reports in which the contributors used a common standardize survey to collect data on fear of crime and punitivity among post-secondary students. The countries represent a cross-section of different legal, political, and cultural systems. The countries also vary in their degree of criminal justice development and in terms of the rights of victims. In each of the contribu-tions, the author s provide an overview of their country before discussing the re-sults of the survey they administered. The articles are prepared in a manner that allow varying degrees of comparison as well as recommendations for the future di-rection of this relatively new area of international inquiry.
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Anglo-Saxon Sociologies of the Punitive Turn
Bochum We grant you also a reduction of EUR 15,00! We will send your orders postfree! We deliver by invoice. Second, it identifies key feedback structures that result from those chains of decisions. Finally, the paper introduces a simulation model for suggesting policy implications for decisionmakers. Such actions create permanent negative feedback loops that involve various material and information delays, which — coupled with the reinforcing feedback loops — explain the previously mentioned behavioural pattern.
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Through a system dynamics simulation model, this paper tests and explains the proposed dynamic hypothesis and shows how policymakers can enhance and develop their dynamic understanding to explore and design effective policies intended to tackle prison overcrowding. This paper presents a practical and concrete case that bridges the fields of criminal policy and prison management through systems thinking.
It uses the case of prison overcrowding in Colombia to demonstrate the relevance of incorporating systemic thinking into the cognitive portfolio of policymakers if they aspire to improve complex systems. Criminal policy and prison management are different fields that typically belong to different traditions law and criminal psychology for the former, public administration for the latter.
The work presented here bridges those perspectives under a single engineering and systemic perspective that answers questions in both fields and serves as a unifying framework for designing more coherent criminal policies that meet the practical requirements and restrictions that prison management implies.
Please share your general feedback. You can start or join in a discussion here. Visit emeraldpublishing. Abstract Purpose This paper presents an actor-based conceptualization of the increasing oscillatory pattern of prison overcrowding in Colombia. Practical implications This paper presents a practical and concrete case that bridges the fields of criminal policy and prison management through systems thinking.
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