Buy Online, Pick up in Store is currently unavailable, but this item may be available for in-store purchase. Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Overview In , a tiny nation, just four years old — it's population well below the 4 million mark — determined that it would build the world's longest railroad across empty country, much of it unexplored. Product Details About the Author. Show More.
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He worked with the Montreal Canadiens, To avoid train robberies and so minimize insurance costs, they travelled quickly and stopped only to change locomotives and crews, which was often done in under five minutes. The silk trains had superior rights over all other trains; even passenger trains including the Royal Train of would be put in sidings to make the silk trains' trip faster.
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At the end of World War II, the invention of nylon made silk less valuable, so the silk trains died out. Funeral trains would carry the remains of important people, such as prime ministers. As the train would pass, mourners would be at certain spots to show respect. Two of the CPR's funeral trains are particularly well-known. Macdonald ran from Ottawa to Kingston, Ontario. The train consisted of five heavily draped passenger cars and was pulled by No. The CPR ran a number of trains that transported members of the Canadian Royal Family when they have toured the country.
These trains transported royalty through Canada's scenery, forests, small towns and enabled people to see and greet them. Their trains were elegantly decorated; some had amenities such as a post office and barber shop. The CPR's most notable royal train was in This was the first visit to Canada by a reigning Monarch. They were specially painted royal blue, with the exception of CNR which was not painted, with silver trim as was the entire train. The King, somewhat of a railbuff , rode in the cab when possible. This applied only to the semi-streamlined locomotives — , not the "standard" Hudsons — CPR provided the rollingstock for the Better Farming Train which toured rural Saskatchewan between and to promote the latest information on agricultural research.
It was staffed by the University of Saskatchewan and operating expenses were covered by the Department of Agriculture. Between and the early s, the CPR ran a school car to reach people who lived in Northern Ontario, far from schools.
The national dream: the great railway, 1871-1881
A teacher would travel in a specially designed car to remote areas and would stay to teach in one area for two to three days, then leave for another area. Each car had a blackboard and a few sets of chairs and desks. They also contained miniature libraries and accommodation for the teacher. Major shooting for the film Silver Streak , a fictional comedy tale of a murder-ridden train trip from Los Angeles to Chicago, was done on the CPR, mainly in the Alberta area with station footage at Toronto's Union Station.
The train set was so lightly disguised as the fictional "AMRoad" that the locomotives and cars still carried their original names and numbers, along with the easily identifiable CP Rail red-striped paint scheme.
The Holiday Train celebrates the holiday season and collects donations for community food banks and hunger issues. Each train has a box car stage for entertainers who are travelling along with the train. Only entertainers and CP employees are allowed to board the train aside from a coach car that takes employees and their families from one stop to the next. All donations collected in a community remain in that community for distribution.
They are each decorated with hundred of thousands of LED Christmas lights. In to celebrate the program's 15th year, three signature events were held in Hamilton, Ontario , Calgary, Alberta , and Cottage Grove, Minnesota , to further raise awareness for hunger issues. The trains feature different entertainers each year; in , one train featured Dallas Smith and the Odds , while the other featured Colin James and Kelly Prescott. The trip takes six days and five nights. The train consists of up to eight luxury passenger cars built between and and is powered by first-generation diesel locomotives.
In , the CPR repatriated one of its former passenger steam locomotives that had been on static display in the United States following its sale in January , long after the close of the steam era. It was subsequently returned to service to promote public relations.
It has operated across much of the CPR system, including lines in the U. In , Canadian Pacific partnered with the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games to present a "Spirit Train" tour that featured Olympic-themed events at various stops. Colin James was a headline entertainer. Several stops were met by protesters who argued that the games were slated to take place on stolen indigenous land. The train stopped in 13 cities along its 3-week summer tour, offering a free block party and concert from Dean Brody , Kelly Prescott  and Dallas Arcand.
Historically, Canadian Pacific operated several non-railway businesses. In , these businesses were split off into the separate company Canadian Pacific Limited , and in , that company was further split into five companies. CP no longer provides any of these services. The original charter of the CPR granted in provided for the right to create an electric telegraph and telephone service including charging for it. The telephone had barely been invented but telegraph was well established as a means of communicating quickly across great distances. Being allowed to sell this service meant the railway could offset the costs of constructing and maintaining a pole line along its tracks across vast distances for its own purposes which were largely for dispatching trains.
The National Dream: The Great Railway, 1871-1881
It began doing so in as the separate Telegraph Department. It would go on to provide a link between the cables under the Atlantic and Pacific oceans when they were completed. Paid for by the word, the telegram was an expensive way to send messages, but they were vital to businesses. An individual receiving a personal telegram was seen as being someone important except for those that transmitted sorrow in the form of death notices.
Messengers on bicycles delivered telegrams and picked up a reply in cities.
In smaller locations, the local railway station agent would handle this on a commission basis. To speed things, at the local end messages would first be telephoned. In , it became the Communications Department in recognition of the expanding services provided which included telephones lines, news wire , ticker quotations for the stock market and eventually teleprinters.
The National Dream: The Great Railway, - Pierre Berton - Google книги
All were faster than mail and very important to business and the public alike for many decades before mobile phones and computers came along. It was the coming of these newer technologies especially cellular telephones that eventually resulted in the demise of these services even after formation in of CN-CP Telecommunications in an effort to effect efficiencies through consolidation rather than competition.
Deregulation in the s, brought about mergers and the sale of remaining services and facilities. On 17 January , the CPR applied for licences to operate radio stations in 11 cities from coast to coast for the purpose of organising its own radio network in order to compete with the CNR Radio service. The CNR had built a radio network with the aim of promoting itself as well as entertaining its passengers during their travels. The onset of the Great Depression hurt the CPR's financial plan for a rival project and in April they withdrew their applications for stations in all but Toronto, Montreal and Winnipeg.
Steamships played an important part in the history of CP from the very earliest days. During construction of the line in British Columbia even before the private CPR took over from the government contractor, ships were used to bring supplies to the construction sites. Similarly, to reach the isolated area of Superior in northern Ontario ships were used to bring in supplies to the construction work. While this work was going on there was already regular passenger service to the West.
The Great Railway, 1871-1881
Paul and Winnipeg. This Great Lakes steam ship service continued as an alternative route for many years and was always operated by the railway. Canadian Pacific passenger service on the lakes ended in Over time, CPR became a railroad company with widely organized water transportation auxiliaries including the Great Lakes service , the trans-Pacific service, the Pacific coastal service , the British Columbia lake and river service , the trans-Atlantic service and the Bay of Fundy Ferry service.